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《中英版》两极哲理之(一)能使心灵平静的两极哲理浅释

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发表于 2012-5-21 20:01:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
两极哲理之(一)能使心灵平静的两极哲理浅

一、两极哲理之定义
  

所谓两极哲理,是指当发生一事件时,同时也制造了最少另一事件的道理;这另一事件也许已经发生,也许还没有发生,但一定会发生。例如当你用手指推动一根筷子或一把尺的一端时,另一端即随之移动。虽然你只推动筷子或尺的一端,但另一端也一起被牵动了。又如当你把一块银币丢出去时,这块银币落到地上会发出声响、滚动,或甚至打伤人。从此看出:银币丢出去也同时制造银币发声、滚动、打伤人的事。可以这么说,我们生活里发生的有形或无形的一切,都合乎两极哲理。朋友拿你来说,你和蔼可亲,人家会喜欢你;但如果你有理或无理打人,人家会憎恨你或还手打回你。
  

依据所述的用手指推动筷子或尺、把银币丢出去、和蔼可亲、有理或无理打人之事件,我们将其称为两极哲理的前极。后来被制造的事件,则可称为后极。见下例:

前极 →→(制造了)→→后极

事件一、
手指推动筷子或尺
→→
筷子或尺的另一端随之移动

事件二、
银币丢出去
→→→→
银币落地+发出声音响+滚动

事件三、
和蔼可亲
→→→→
人家会喜欢你

事件四、
有理或无理打人→→→→
人家会憎恨你或还手打回你

前极与后极的关系也很明显,好或对的善性前极,通常会制造对你有利的善性后极;不良的前极,就会制造对你不利的恶性后极。如上述例予和蔼可亲方属善性前极,有理或无理打人则属恶性前极。既然知道了这个道理,我们就不应该去做那些不良的恶性前极,而应该去做好或对的善性前极,赢待善性后极。这就是两极哲理所要提倡的。笔者以为:友善待人、尊老敬贤、爱护亲友、敬业乐业、济穷助弱、为国服务、爱好和平、保护环境、造福世界等等,均属善性前极。而憎恨疑忌、狂妄自大、自卑自艾、逃避责任、脾气暴燥、谎骗偷盗、贪污枉法、奸淫打杀、破坏他人家庭、出卖朋友、出卖国家、污染环境、发动战争等等,则属恶性前极。

二、两极哲理与宗教
 

两极哲理并不属于宗教,但有趣的是:此哲理似乎与许多正统宗教的基本义理有所相似,又可以用较为生活化的方式进一步来解释许多经典里没有说明,或解说得深奥的教义。佛教的众善奉行、诸恶莫作,是教人们要多做一切有利国家和人群的事,而不做一切危害社会国家、人群的事。为什么呢?这个奥妙的所在,即是两极哲理的前极与后极的因与果。笔者以为:众善奉行是善性前极,会制造善性后极;诸恶是恶性前极,做了一定会制造恶性后极而伤害了别人和自己。这么说吧,你有理或无理打人是个恶性前极,或会制造别人打回你的恶性后极,或会制造被警察捉去坐牢的恶性后极等。如果你打人而不被人打回你或没被捉去坐牢,那不等于你打了人而没有恶性后极,因为被打的人会马上憎恨你,旁人会认为你很野蛮而反对或抗拒你。憎恨你反对或抗拒你就是你打人所制造出来的无形恶性后极了。你可能说众善奉行、诸恶莫作是因为善有善报、恶有恶报的因果道理,而笔者的阐述不仅阐明了这个佛学道理,然而也运用两极哲理进一步辩证地述析,使读者明了人生的众多两极是对于一个人有多么的重要啊!兹换句话说,佛学说的众善奉行、诸恶莫作,以其善有善报、恶有恶报的因果,说得也是不错啊,而两极哲理除了说明因果关系之外,却同时告诉了大家报应是即刻发生的(有形或无形的后极),并非若有不报是时辰未到的深层哲理。
  

圣经里有一个没有解释清楚的道理,就是耶稣说过要爱护你的仇敌。为什么耶稣这样说?一位资深教友告诉我:因为这是主告诉耶稣的话。为什么主也这么说呢,他无法说清楚。两极哲理就很容易将其解释清楚。爱护仇敌是善性前极。能制造善性后极,即:仇敌被感动或怒气被消减。仇敌因此可能对主或耶稣做出善性后极,逐渐地化敌为友,达到世界和平与造福人群、世界的崇高宗旨。
  

回教圣训的劝善止恶篇里提到:你们必须训戒人民行善干好,禁止他们为非做歹,否则,完全有可能的是:你们将遭受阿拉的惩罚。为什么要行善干好,不能为非作歹呢?阿拉又怎样惩罚呢?圣训所述行善干好是善性前极,它会制造善性后极;后者为非作歹是恶性前极,它会制造恶性后极而最终伤及自己。那么恶性后极的结果也许会被捉去坐牢或受良心责备等,这不就是阿拉的惩罚了吗?
  

佛陀释迦牟尼为提婆达多这个敌人、叛徒、罪人治病的事迹(出自洪德仁编著之初级佛学读本)、基督耶稣的转过脸让仇敌打另一边之说(出自圣经)、先知穆罕默德为猷太邻居送羊汤的事迹(出自马来西亚中文电台周日广播)等等,都属善用善性前极、制造善性后极的事例,藉此化敌为友,达至和平共存与造福人群、世界的宗旨。
  

笔者再重复:就是一切万物的存在都有两极哲理的辩证关系。佛教、基督教、回教等,都有善性前极,能出现善性后极,所以能千年长存。反观一切邪教,则属恶性前极,能出现恶性后极,所以常遭排斥或亡教的厄运。
三、两极哲理与生活  

并非只有圣人才懂得两极哲理,企业的乐捐与赞助行为,也是善性前极;从而制造消费者对该企业的认识、好感,则是企业所要达到的善性后极了。
  

如果你买了一件不漂亮却便宜的衣服,你不会因它的不漂亮而后悔,这是因为你的内心觉得平衡舒畅的缘故,因为有失(衣服不漂亮)也有得(却很便宜)。这是显而易见的两极道理。不漂亮可说是买衣服的前极,制造了价格便宜的后极。如果读者对这个例子有争论性的话,请暂时不要加以理会,因为举这个例子的目的,是要告诉你两极哲理能给予你内心平衡舒畅。买衣服的经验相信你有吧?你的感受是否和我所说的一样呢?至于它有什么的争论性,不妨继续看两极哲理的全部篇章,相信你就会明白的。
四、两极哲理之运用
  

在工作上、在家里、在生活中的不如意,会令你产生怒、忌、疑、恨、思、愁、哀、惊、惧等内心的不平衡,而这些不平衡的情绪长久被压积,则会导致病痛伤身。对这类情绪而导致发病的事例,古书和近代医学都有所记载,这里不再赘言。现在你可以在事情发生或还没发生时,藉用两极哲理去分析、运用和解决所面对的问题,或许你对两极哲理的认识会更加深刻。倘若再参考下文及例子,试验三几个月,也许能把这类不平衡的情绪加以纠正呢。
  

先前以买衣服为例来说明两极哲理如何平衡内心情绪,此说前后两极,是属于简单两极。不过在我们的生活里,一般需要以衍生后极(即是由后极再制造出来的后极)。加以思考、觉悟之后,才能达到平衡心里情绪的功效。以下分述:
前极→→
后极→→→→→→→→→衍生后极

单身→
寂寞及其他→
自由及其他

失恋→
病苦及其他→
→“塞翁失马及其他

不被升级→薪金无大变动及其他→职责及工作量无大变动及其他

新工作量增加→→职责增加→→→经验增加,上司信任增加、在公司地位升高。
朋友,如果你打算做单身贵族,那你必须要想到遭遇寂寞及其他后果的心理准备。如果有这么一天,你在公司里的新工作量增加,你是不是也要有心理准备?因为上司正在信任你,你有机会升级或加薪;千万不该因为工作多而大发牢骚。倘若你有了心理准备,接下去,你会做好应该面对的工作和解决新问题,那么你的内心情绪就会得到平衡了。
  

所述各例,有得亦有失,这即是物之两极也。而是得或是失,往往是你主观的判断,能悟出此理者,乃之极方面的开始必能使然。如此思想,人的心灵都会比一般人平静。
  

以上各例都是单一事件里两极哲理给予心理平衡的例子。在生活里,你还得以多层事件的两极关系互相比较,才能达到平稳情绪的效果,例子如下:
前极→→→→后极
→→→→衍生后极

搭巴士  
不方便
便宜

搭德士
方便

驾车
很方便
非常贵

如果你时常觉得驾车好过搭巴士或德士的话,那上述例子告诉你搭巴士、搭德士、或驾车,都各有得失。就说你是搭巴士的话,也不必羡慕驾车者,因为有些驾车者的银行储蓄也许不比你的多呢。
  

两极哲理能平衡人们的内心情绪,从而达到心灵平静的境界;你一切的善举,你做的一切善性前极,都能一点一滴地助你达到这个境界。只要有恒心有悟性,假以时日,必能如愿以偿。届时,人生之真谛,世间之奥秘,也许你有一天会恍然大悟。
  

在看看世界各地,宗教常是动乱的泉源之一。两极哲理即存有各正统宗教之相似义理,也许千万年之后,此哲理能融宗教为一体,化战乱为和平,并为人群、为世界造福。

英文版
Part One: An Introduction to the Law of Event(s) upon Event - a Spiritual Tranquilizer

I. Definition

The law of event(s) upon event (LEE) refers to the principle that when one event occurs, the potential for the occurrence of another event is created as well. This subsequent event might not have happened yet, but it is bound to happen sooner or later. Such a principle can be illustrated with daily happenings. For instance, when you push one end of a chopstick, the other end also moves; when you throw a coin into the air, it tinkles or even hits the head of a passerby. Throwing the coin, in this case, is the starting event, the latter is subsequent event. Hence every happening in our daily life, visible or invisible, conforms to LEE. For instance, kindness and friendliness will help you to get along well with friends. On the contrary, impudence and arrogance will result in disharmony or even hostility.

The initial happenings can also be called Starting events, and later happenings as subsequent events, which may be illustrated as follows:

Starting Events--(initiate)------->Subsequent Events
1. pushing one end of a chopstick---->The other end moves
2. throwing a coin into the air------>The coin falls, rolls and tinkles
3. being kind and friendly----------->eople like you
4. being arrogant and impudent------->eople dislike you

The relationship between starting events and subsequent events is quite obvious. Good and benevolent starting events create corresponding subsequent events which are beneficial to you, vice versa. Therefore, what LEE advocates is that we should try our best to create good and benevolent starting events, and avoid bad or evil ones. The most commonly seen good starting events may include: being friendly, respecting the old, loving your family and friends, devotion to one’s career, helping the poor and weak, serving the country, loving peace and environment, contributing welfare to the society and to the world, and etc. Bad or evil starting events may include: hating and detesting, suspecting and envying, being arrogant or self-abased, evading responsibilities, cheating and lying, stealing and robbing, betraying friends or country, raping and killing, corrupting, law-perverting, undermining others’ families, polluting the environment, launching wars, and etcs.

II. LEE and Religion

Though not a religion, LEE resembles a number of orthodox religions in essence. It explains in simple everyday terms what may seem obscure or abstruse in the classical works of many religions. In Buddhism, the motto "Doing good deeds and avoid evil ones" urges people to do what is good for the country and the people rather than involve in activities that undermine the country and society. The principle behind this motto coincides with the principle of LEE. In my opinion, "doing good deeds" is a positive starting event which in turn will create a positive subsequent event. While committing evils, negative in itself, will result in a negative subsequent event. For instance, if you beat others, you may also get beaten or be imprisoned, or at least you will be detested or hated. This is in conformity with the Buddhist teaching, i.e., good will be rewarded with good, and evil with evil. However, LEE delves deeper than that. In addition to explaining clearly the relation of causality (karma), LEE also enunciates that causality is prompt, visible or invisible, and retribution is not a future or ultimate event but something that will immediately happen.

Jesus said we should love our enemies. Why so? We cannot find clear explanations in the Bible. One of my Christian friends told me that the Lord told Jesus to do so. Then why? You may find sound answers in LEE. Because "to love the enemy" is a benevolent starting event which will lend to good subsequent events. Perhaps the enemy, moved and impressed, would act kindly to Jesus and the Lord. Hence hostility can be gradually changed into friendship and love, and by doing so we may achieve the lofty ultimate goal of creating world peace and welfare for mankind.

In Islam you may find such admonishments as, "You should urge people to do good deeds and forbid them to do evil. Otherwise, you will possibly be punished by Allah". Why so? And how will Allah punish? The answer is that "doing good deeds" is a positive starting event, while "doing evil" is negative which will lead to negative subsequent events. This is Allah's punishment.

Examples of turning an enemy into a friend, and hostility into love are numerous. For instance, the legend of Sakyamuni curing his enemies, traitors and sinners; the story of Jesus letting the enemy slap both sides of his face; and the story of the Prophet Mohammed taking mutton soup to his Jewish neighbour, to name only a few.

What I want to reiterate is: LEE exists in everything. That is why orthodox religions such as Buddhism, Christianity and Islam (all are positive) can remain perpetual; whereas heathenism (negative in essence) is denounced and rejected.

III. LEE and Daily Life

LEE, though seemingly the patent of saints, is not beyond the understanding of laymen. Entrepreneurs’ donation to charity, their willingness for sponsorship are both good starting events, which will result in the customer’s better understanding and a good reputation of their enterprises.

If you pay very little for a homely dress, you most probably do not regret its homeliness, for it is so cheap. Here lies the principle of LEE. The dress is "homely" (which is a starting event), so it "sells cheap" (which is a subsequent event). And because you "buy cheap" (which is a starting event), you accept its "homeliness" (which is a subsequent event). And you feel psychologically quite balanced. So, this is the pacifying effect of LEE!

Frustrations in daily life may cause series of psychological changes, such as anxiety, envy, fear, gloominess, hatred, resentment, sorrow and suspicion. Such emotions, if long suppressed, will result in illness. Cases of this kind are numerous in both ancient and modern medicine. Yet now you may use LEE to analyse and eventually pacify these psychological changes. Actual application enables better understanding of LEE and its effects, I recommend you to exercise LEE in your daily life for a couple of months, if you are interested in feeling its wonderful effects.

As explained previously, LEE leads to a balanced and peaceful mind. However, the events involved in the illustration are simple, daily occurrence are usually much more complex, involving not only starting and subsequent events, but also derivative events. For example:

Starting Events------->Subsequent Events->Derivative Events
Singleness------------>Loneliness etc.--->Freedom
Failure in Love Affair->Distress etc.---->ossible Better Spouse
Failure in Promotion--->Without Pay Raise->No Increase in Workload or Responsibility
Increase in Workload--->More Responsibilities->Increase in Experience,Position and Boss's Trust

So if you want to live singly, get "prepared" psychologically for the accompanying "loneliness". Likewise, when you experience an increase in workload, do not complain, rather get "prepared". For it shows the boss trusts you, you may get a pay raise or promoted. When you are well "prepared", you feel peaceful and tranquil, which are the result of LEE.

No pain, no gain. Such is the principle of LEE. That whether you are gaining or losing is fairly subjective. Anyway, a good knowledge of the principle of LEE will naturally lead you to a peaceful and tranquil mind.

The examples mentioned above illustrate how LEE enables psychological balance through a simple event. In everyday life, occurrences are much more complex. You must first understand the complicated causality among them before achieving psychological tranquillity. The examples are as follows:

Starting Events--> Subsequent Events--> Derivative Events
Taking a Bus-----> Inconvenient-------> Economical
Taking a Taxi----> Convenient---------> Expensive
Drive -----------> Very Convenient----> Very Expensive

If you think it is better to drive, the above examples show each means of transport has its own respective strength and weakness. So, do not admire those car owners, you may have a more substantial bank account than some of them.

LEE pacifies psychological disturbances, thus eventually creating spiritual tranquillity. Every good deed brings you closer to this end, every good starting event brings you spiritual tranquillity. If you could achieve it, you could also perceive the true meaning of life and the mysteries of the world.

Religion is often the source of social turmoil and war. As LEE resembles a number of orthodox religions in essence, it therefore could possible turn war into peace and eventually it may unite with other orthodox religions and create a harmonious world for mankind.


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